India is a country that has a rich and varied history of fabulous textiles of all types. The textile industry in India is full of fine techniques and methods that have been perfected over many centuries by skilled artisans; often, a single textile type can provide sustenance for whole villages full of experienced workers who then pass their expertise down to the next generation.
This flourishing textiles industry in India has its roots in ancient arts. Even in antique times, India had the reputation of being an excellent source of a treasure trove of beautiful fabrics and textiles. From silk and cotton to fine muslins, many travelers and merchants flocked to Indian shores to find their dream fabrics. Over the years, the Indian textile industry has only expanded and grown, with the traditional techniques evolving to absorb the newer fabrics and methodologies available. Every region of India has a different fabric or fabrics to offer, with the result that there are hundreds of Indian fabric varieties available. The diverse climatic conditions support the production of a lot of different raw materials which can be used to manufacture a lot of different fabrics. Every region has its own culture and style which again creates a unique look, texture and design. Many different styles of weaving, twisting and treating the raw fabric exist along with an infinite variety of motifs, colors, patterns and designs. The end result is that while there are many well-known Indian textiles there are also a plethora of lesser known but equally stunning varieties just waiting to be discovered.
The Banaras or Varanasi region of India produces some of the most luxurious Indian fabrics. Brocade is a lavish fabric crafted by weaving pure silk and gold threads together; it is the top choice for bridal outfits as well as designer ethnic wear. Another popular bridal fabric from this region is Banarsi silk. This fine, shimmering material makes for sumptuousbridal sarees. An intricate technique perfected by the craftsmen from this region is the ‘jala’ or netted fabric. There are many other regions famous for the specific fabric produced there with Kanchipuram being a prime example. Combing silk and gold in a grand, colorful weave, these sarees are amongst the most well-known and well-loved in the world. Jamewar Silk, Paithani Silk and Tussar Silk are just a few of the beautiful regional varieties of silk produced in India. Each has a unique history and beauty. Pashmina fabrics from Kashmir are world famous for their soft, silky and luxurious texture and can be made from wool or silk. Cotton is a very popular textile in India, with many wonderful variations available especially in the North East regions of India. An unforgettably Indian textile is khadi, popularized by Mahatma Gandhi as the quintessential Indian fabric. There are many varieties available in khadi, too, with every region having a version of this spun cloth. The textile industries in India have increasingly started adopting modern materials like rayon, viscose, polyester and artificial silk as well as western fabrics like organza and velvet. These too are being utilized to create newer versions of the classic fabrics. Any reliable, trusted Indian fabric store will stock the well-known and lesser known varieties in different colors and styles.
Trendy Indian Textiles
When exploring fashion trends in India, fabric varieties are crucial. Of all the different fashion and style trends that have emerged from India, textiles are probably the most interesting. These fabrics which were once only worn in certain pockets of India have gained world-wide recognition. For instance, the many silk varieties from India are frequently used to create beautiful clothes around the world, while brocade Indian clothes are found in designer collections in Paris and Milan. Textiles of India have gone much beyond the local and all types of Indian fabrics and clothes have gained a universal appeal. Conversely, fabrics from other countries are increasingly being used in the textile industry in India thus creating a truly astounding global confluence of styles.
In India, the textile industry usually produces fabrics which can be specifically employed in certain types of clothes. Pashmina, for example, can be used to make all types of clothes and home décor items but is perhaps most used to create shawls. Banarsi silk sarees are known as much for the fabric as the gold print decorations on it. Kalamkari sarees are well known for the dramatic designs they sport and these are simply a part of the unique fabric with which they are made. At the same time, Indian textiles are increasingly being used to create all types of Indo Western clothes and off-beat accessories, like Madhubani kurtas and brocade potlis.